The most important
scientific reason for the selection of non-human primates as experimental
subjects is their close relationship to man in terms of central
nervous system structure, behavior and physiology. Use of non-human
primate models is a prerequisite before new therapeutic strategies
for neuroprotection and neuroregeneration can be applied to patients.
In most preclinical studies the species-of-choice has been the
macaque monkey (usually cynomologus or rhesus).